Further reading

Binnington, K. & Retnakaran, A. (eds.) (1991) Physiology of the Insect Epidermis. CSIRO Publications, Melbourne.

Chapman, R.F. (1998) The Insects. Structure and Function, 4th edn. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Hadley, N.F. (1986) The arthropod cuticle. Scientific American 255(1), 98–106.

Lawrence, J.F., Nielsen, E.S. & Mackerras, I.M. (1991) Skeletal anatomy and key to orders. In: The Insects of Australia, 2nd edn. (CSIRO), pp. 3–32. Melbourne University Press, Carlton.

Nichols, S.W. (1989) The Torre-Bueno Glossary of Entomology. The New York Entomological Society in co-operation with the American Museum of Natural History, New York.

Resh, V.H. & Cardé, R.T. (eds.) (2003) Encyclopedia of Insects. Academic Press, Amsterdam. [Particularly see articles on anatomy; head; thorax; abdomen and genitalia; and mouthparts.]

Richards, A.G. & Richards, P.A. (1979) The cuticular protuberances of insects. International Journal of Insect Morphology and Embryology 8, 143–57.

Smith, J.J.B. (1985) Feeding mechanisms. In: Comprehensive Insect Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, Vol. 4: Regulation: Digestion, Nutrition, Excretion (eds. G.A. Kerkut & L.I. Gilbert), pp. 33–85. Pergamon Press, Oxford.

Snodgrass, R.E. (1935) Principles of Insect Morphology. McGraw-Hill, New York.

Wootton, R.J. (1992) Functional morphology of insect wings. Annual Review of Entomology 37, 113–40.



Chapter 2