1.1. An atlas moth, Attacus atlas (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae), which occurs in southern India and south-east Asia, is one of the largest of all lepidopterans, with a wingspan of about 24 cm and a larger wing area than any other moth.
1.2. A violin beetle, Mormolyce phyllodes (Coleoptera: Carabidae), from rainforest in Brunei, Borneo.
1.3. The moon moth, Argema maenas (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae), is found in south-east Asia and India; this female, from rainforest in Borneo, has a wingspan of about 15 cm.
1.4. The mopane emperor moth, Imbrasia belina (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae), from the Transvaal in South Africa.
1.5. A «worm» or «phane» — the caterpillar of Imbrasia belina — feeding on the foliage of Schotia brachypetala, from the Transvaal in South Africa.
1.6. A dish of edible water bugs, Lethocerus indicus (Hemiptera: Belostomatidae), on sale at a market in Lampang Province, Thailand.
2.1. Food insects at a market stall in Lampang Province, Thailand, displaying silk moth pupae (Bombyx mori), beetle pupae, adult hydrophiloid beetles, and water bugs, Lethocerus indicus .
2.2. Adult Richmond birdwing (Troides richmondia) butterfly and cast exuvial skin on native pipevine (Pararistolochia sp.) host.
2.3. A bush coconut or bloodwood apple gall of Cystococcus pomiformis (Hemiptera: Eriococcidae), cut open to show the cream-colored adult female and her numerous, tiny nymphal male offspring covering the gall wall.
2.4. Close-up of the second-instar male nymphs of Cystococcus pomiformis feeding from the nutritive tissue lining the cavity of the maternal gall.
2.5. Adult male scale insect of Melaleucococcus phacelopilus (Hemiptera: Margarodidae), showing the setiferous antennae and the single pair of wings.
2.6. A tropical butterfly, Graphium antiphates itamputi (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae), from Borneo, obtaining salts by imbibing sweat from a training shoe.
3.1. A female katydid of an undescribed species of Austrosalomona (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae), from northern Australia, with a large spermatophore attached to her genital opening.
3.2. Pupa of a Christmas beetle, Anoplognathus sp. (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), removed from its pupation site in the soil in Canberra, Australia.
3.3. Egg mass of Tenodera australasiae (Mantodea: Mantidae) with young mantid nymphs emerging, from Queensland, Australia.
3.6. A fossilized worker ant of Pseudomyrmex oryctus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Dominican amber from the Oligocene or Miocene.
3.7. A diversity of flies (Diptera), including calliphorids, are attracted to the odor of this Australian phalloid fungus, Anthurus archeri, which produces a foul-smelling slime containing spores that are consumed by the flies and distributed after passing through the insects’ guts.
4.1. A tree trunk and under-branch covered in silk galleries of the webspinner Antipaluria urichi (Embiidina: Clothodidae), from Trinidad.
4.2. A female webspinner of Antipaluria urichi defending the entrance of her gallery from an approaching male, from Trinidad.
4.3. An adult stonefly, Neoperla edmundsi (Plecoptera: Perlidae), from Brunei, Borneo.
4.4. A female thynnine wasp of Zaspilothynnus trilobatus (Hymenoptera: Tiphiidae) (on the right) compared with the flower of the sexually deceptive orchid Drakaea glyptodon, which attracts pollinating male wasps by mimicking the female wasp.
4.5. A male thynnine wasp of Neozeloboria cryptoides (Hymenoptera: Tiphiidae) attempting to copulate with the sexually deceptive orchid Chiloglottis trapeziformis.
5.4. The huge queen termite (approximately 7.5 cm long) of Odontotermes transvaalensis (Isoptera: Termitidae: Macrotermitinae) surrounded by her king (mid front), soldiers, and workers, from the Transvaal in South Africa.
5.5. A parasiticVarroamite on a pupa of the bee Apis cerana (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in a hive from Irian Jaya, New Guinea.
5.6. An adult moth of Utetheisa ornatrix (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae) emitting defensive froth containing pyrrolizidine alkaloids that it sequesters as a larva from its food plants, legumes of the genus Crotalaria.
6.1. The cryptic adult moths of four species of Acronicta (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): A. alni, the alder moth (top left); A. leporina, the miller (top right); A. aceris, the sycamore (bottom left); and A. psi, the grey dagger (bottom right).
6.2. Aposematic or mechanically protected caterpillars of the same four species of Acronicta: A. alni (top left); A. leporina (top right); A. aceris (bottom left); and A. psi (bottom right); showing the divergent appearance of the larvae compared with their drab adults.
6.3. A blister beetle, Lytta polita (Coleoptera: Meloidae), reflex-bleeding from the knee joints; the hemolymph contains the toxin cantharidin.
6.4. One of Bates’ mimicry complexes from the Amazon Basin involving species from three different lepidopteran families — Methona confusa confusa (Nymphalidae: Ithomiinae) (top), Lycorea ilione ilione (Nymphalidae: Danainae) (second from top), Patia orise orise (Pieridae) (second from bottom), and a day-flying moth of Gazera heliconioides (Castniidae).
6.5. An aposematic beetle of the genus Lycus (Coleoptera: Lycidae) on the flower spike of Cussonia (Araliaceae) from South Africa.
6.6. A mature cottony-cushion scale, Icerya purchasi (Hemiptera: Margarodidae), with a fully formed ovisac, on the stem of a native host plant from Australia.