Further reading

Bernays, E.A. (1998) Evolution of feeding behaviour in insect herbivores. BioScience 48, 35–44.

Cook, J.M. & Rasplus, J.-Y. (2003) Mutualists with attitude: co-evolving fig wasps and figs. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 18, 241–8.

Farrell, B.D., Mitter, C. & Futuyma, D.J. (1992) Diversification at the insect—plant interface. BioScience 42, 34–42.

Herrera, C.M. & Pellmyr, O. (eds.) (2002) Plant—Animal Interactions. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.

Huxley, C.R. & Cutler, D.F. (eds.) (1991) Ant—Plant Interactions. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Johnson, W.T. & Lyon, H.H. (1991) Insects that Feed on Trees and Shrubs, 2nd edn. Comstock Publishing Associates of Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY.

Karban, R. & Agrawal, A.A. (2002) Herbivore offense. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 33, 641–4.

Karban, R. & Baldwin, I.T. (1997) Induced Responses to Herbivory. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL. Landsberg, J. & Ohmart, C. (1989) Levels of insect defoliation in forests: patterns and concepts. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 4, 96–100.

McFadyen, R.E.C. (1998) Biological control of weeds. Annual Review of Entomology 43, 369–93.

Miles, P.W. (1999) Aphid saliva. Biological Reviews 74, 41–85.

Nilsson, L.A. (1998) Deep flowers for long tongues. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 13, 259–60.

Pellmyr, O. (1992) Evolution of insect pollination and angiosperm diversification. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 7, 46–9.

Price, P.W. (1997) Insect Ecology, 3rd edn. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Price, P.W. (2003) Macroevolutionary Theory on Macroecological Patterns. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Raman, A., Schaefer, C.W. & Withers, T.M. (eds.) (2004) Biology, Ecology, and Evolution of Gall-Inducing Arthropods. Oxford & IBH Publishing, New Delhi.

Resh, V.H. & Cardé, R.T. (eds.) (2003) Encyclopedia of Insects. Academic Press, Amsterdam. [Particularly see articles on phytophagous insects; plant—insect interactions; pollination and pollinators.]

Room, P.M. (1990) Ecology of a simple plant—herbivore system: biological control of Salvinia. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 5, 74–9.

Rosenthal, G.A. & Berenbaum, M.R. (eds.) (1992) Herbivores, their Interactions with Secondary Plant Metabolites, 2nd edn. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.

Speight, M.R., Hunter, M.D. & Watt, A.D. (1999) Ecology of Insects. Concepts and Applications. Blackwell Science, Oxford. Thompson, J.N. (1989) Concepts of coevolution. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 4, 179–83.

Wasserthal, L.T. (1997) The pollinators of the Malagasy star orchids Angraecum sesquipedale, A. sororium and A. compactum and the evolution of extremely long spurs by pollinator shift. Botanica Acta 110, 343–59.

Watt, A.D., Stork, N.E. & Hunter, M.D. (eds.) (1997) Forests and Insects. Chapman & Hall, London.

White, T.C.R. (1993) The Inadequate Environment. Nitrogen and the Abundance of Animals. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Whitham, T.G., Martinsen, G.D., Floate, K.D., Dungey, H.S., Potts, B.M. & Keim, P. (1999) Plant hybrid zones affect biodiversity: tools for a genetic-based understanding of community structure. Ecology 80, 416–28.

Willmer, P.G. & Stone, G.N. (1997) How aggressive ant-guards assist seed-set in Acacia flowers. Nature 388, 165–7.

Chapter 11