Further reading

Blum, M.S. (1981) Chemical Defenses of Arthropods. Academic Press, New York.

Cook, L.M. (2000) Changing views on melanic moths. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 69, 431–41.

Dyer, L.A. (1995) Tasty generalists and nasty specialists? Antipredator mechanisms in tropical lepidopteran larvae. Ecology 76, 1483–96.

Eisner, T. & Aneshansley, D.J. (1999) Spray aiming in the bombardier beetle: photographic evidence. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 96, 9705–9.

Evans, D.L. & Schmidt, J.O. (eds.) (1990) Insect Defenses. Adaptive Mechanisms and Strategies of Prey and Predators. State University of New York Press, Albany, NY.

Grant, B.S., Owen, D.F. & Clarke, C.A. (1996) Parallel rise and fall of melanic peppered moths in America and Britain. Journal of Heredity 87, 351–7.

Gross, P. (1993) Insect behavioural and morphological defenses against parasitoids. Annual Review of Entomology 38, 251–73.

Hölldobler, B. & Wilson, E.O. (1990) The Ants. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Hooper, J. (2002) Of Moths and Men; An Evolutionary Tale: The Untold Story of Science and the Peppered Moth. W.W. Norton & Co., New York.

Joron, M. & Mallet, J.L.B. (1998) Diversity in mimicry: paradox or paradigm? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 13, 461–6.

McIver, J.D. & Stonedahl, G. (1993) Myrmecomorphy: morphological and behavioural mimicry of ants. Annual Review of Entomology 38, 351–79.

Moore, B.P. & Brown, W.V. (1989) Graded levels of chemical defense in mimics of lycid beetles of the genus Metriorr-hynchus (Coleoptera). Journal of the Australian Entomological Society 28, 229–33.

Pasteels, J.M., Grégoire, J.-C. & Rowell-Rahier, M. (1983) The chemical ecology of defense in arthropods. Annual Review of Entomology 28, 263–89.

Resh, V.H. & Cardé, R.T. (eds.) (2003) Encyclopedia of Insects. Academic Press, Amsterdam. [Particularly see articles on aposematic coloration; chemical defense; defensive behavior; industrial melanism; mimicry; venom.]

Ritland, D.B. (1991) Unpalatability of viceroy butterflies (Limenitis archippus) and their purported mimicry models, Florida queens (Danaus gilippus). Oecologia 88, 102–8.

Starrett, A. (1993) Adaptive resemblance: a unifying concept for mimicry and crypsis. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 48, 299–317.

Turner, J.R.G. (1987) The evolutionary dynamics of Batesian and Muellerian mimicry: similarities and differences. Eco- logical Entomology 12, 81–95.

Vane-Wright, R.I. (1976) A unified classification of mimetic resemblances. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 8, 25–56.

Wickler, W. (1968) Mimicry in Plants and Animals. Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London.

Yosef, R. & Whitman, D.W. (1992) Predator exaptations and defensive adaptations in evolutionary balance: no defense is perfect. Evolutionary Ecology 6, 527–36.

Papers in Biological Journal of the Linnean Society (1981) 16, 1–54 (includes a shortened version of H.W. Bates’s classic 1862 paper).

Chapter 14