Figures 3.2

Muscle attachments to body wall:
Figures 3.2. Muscle attachments to body wall:

(a) tonofibrillae traversing the epidermis from the muscle to the cuticle; (b) a muscle attachment in an adult beetle of Chrysobothrus femorata (Coleoptera: Buprestidae); (c) a multicellular apodeme with a muscle attached to one of its thread-like, cuticular “tendons” or apophyses. (After Snodgrass 1935)

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  Dissections of (a) a female American cockroach, Periplaneta americana (Blattodea: Blattidae), and (b) a male black field cricket, Teleogryllus commodus (Orthoptera: Gryllidae).
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  A ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Carabus) walking in the direction of the broken line.