American Swallowtail Moths
American swallowtail moths (Fig. 44), family Sematuridae, total 36 Neotropical species, one of which just reaches into the United States, in southern Arizona. The family is in the superfamily Uranioidea, in the section Cossina, subsection Bombycina, of the division Ditrysia. Adults medium to large
Wings triangular, with hindwings tailed (usually hindwings with some emarginations); body sometimes robust. Maculation various shades of darker brown, with vertical lines and bands, often brightly colored in the hindwings; often with eyespots on the tails. Adults are nocturnal but some may be crepuscular. Larvae are leaf feeders, but few known biologically. Host plants are unrecorded.